The Council of Europe is the oldest of European institutions. Under the banner of human rights and democracy, it brings together 47 member states, ranging from Finland to Turkey and from Switzerland to Russia. Its Parliamentary Assembly represents over 800 million Europeans and its conventions for the protection of social and fundamental rights are among the most successful in the world. However, this organisation receives little recognition and is still frequently confused with the European Union. Building upon the momentum created during the celebrations of the Council of Europes 60th anniversary, this publication offers an opportunity to rediscover its history, activities and achievements.