The best-loved politician and social reformer of nineteenth century England, Lord Shaftesbury's deep compassion for the poor became legendary. He campaigned tirelessly to limit factory hours, to stop the use of boys as chimney sweeps and children in coalmines, and to develop universal education. As a result he changed the character of English society forever. Areas covered in this important new biography include his upbringing and education; his work as a politician and his campaign for mental health; factory and industrial reforms; campaigns for climbing boys and for better sanitation and housing; his contribution towards the founding of the Bible Society, CPAS, London City Mission, Ragged School Union and CMS; his role as a defender of the Protestant faith and the campaign against ritualism; his personal theology.
Richard Duncan Turnbull is a Church of England clergyman. Educated at the University of Reading and St John's College, Durham, he became a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland in 1985. He also has a Master of Arts degree from the University of Oxford. Richard was ordained deacon in 1994 and priest in 1995. He served as assistant curate of Christ Church, Portswood (1994-98) and vicar of Chineham (1998-2005). Richard has also been a member of the General Synod of the Church of England, chairman of the Business Committee of the General Synod, and chairman of working parties that produced reports on clergy pay and the funding a theological education. He was a member of the Archbishops' Council of the Church of England, and chairman of the House of Clergy of Diocesan Synod of the Diocese of Winchester (2000-05). Turnbull was appointed Principal of Wycliffe Hall, Oxford in 2005, teaching courses on Anglicanism, Anglican and Evangelical Identity and the Reformation. He is currently undertaking research projects in Evangelical spirituality and the future of Evangelicalism. He was a member of the committee that drafted the document "A Covenant for the Church of England".