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York in the Great War - Karyn Burnham

9781783376094
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Title
York in the Great War
Author
Karyn Burnham
format
Paperback / softback
Publisher
Pen & Sword Military
Language
English
UK Publication Date
20141130

How the experience of war impacted on the town, from the initial enthusiasm for sorting out the German kaiser in time for Christmas 1914, to the gradual realization of the enormity of human sacrifice the families of York were committed to as the war stretched out over the next four years. A record of the growing disillusion of the people, their tragedies and hardships and a determination to see it through. - - The ancient City of York had been a garrison town for over a hundred years before the outbreak of war in 1914 but although the citizens of York were used to a military presence, nothing could prepare them for the changes that would envelop their city over the coming years. - - As Belgian refugees flooded into York during the early months of the war, so enemy 'aliens' were rounded up and held in an internment camp and riots broke out as residents unlucky enough to have German heritage were attacked. As the men went to fight, so the women went to work all over the city, from Rowntree's Cocoa Works to the munitions factories and railways. - - When conscription was introduced in January 1916, the Quaker community of York looked to their consciences and decided whether to answer the call of their government, or face the consequences of objecting. The choices they made had a lasting impact on their own lives and those of their loved ones. Later in 1916, the city fell prey to a Zeppelin raid killing 9 people and injuring 27; with parts of the unprotected city in ruins, citizens were, for the first time, faced with the terrifying reality of war. - - When the Great War finally ended in November 1918, York was changed forever. As men began to return home, the city began the process of commemoration and remembrance of those who would not return. From the unveiling of a memorial board in the Rowntrees Cocoa Works to the mighty King's Book of York Heroes in the Minster, lasting records of all York men who lost their lives in battle. - - Looks at how war impacted on the City, from the initial enthusiasm for sorting out the German Kaiser in time for Christmas 1914, to the gradual realization of the enormity of human sacrifice the families of York were committed to as the war stretched out over the next four years. A huge army camp was constructed on the Knavesmire to prepare for war. Enlistment went on throughout the city and there was a large army presence with men in uniforms everywhere. - Those not in uniform were often considered to be conscientious objectors, and they were given the cold shoulder and a hostile reception. - - The Great War affected everyone. At home there were wounded soldiers in military hospitals, refugees from Belgium and later on German prisoners of war. There were food and fuel shortages and disruption to schooling. Meanwhile, men serving in the armed forces were scattered far and wide. Extracts from contemporary letters reveal their heroism and give insights into what it was like under battle conditions. - -

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Type
BOOK
Keyword Index
World War, 1914-1918 - England - York.|York (England) - History - 20th century.
Country of Publication
England
Number of Pages
160

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